Depression is a disorder of the mood which causes a continuous feeling of sadness and a loss of interest. Sometimes referred to as the major depressive disorder, or clinical depression. It can affect the way you feel, think and behave. It can result in a myriad of physical and emotional problems. It is possible that you have difficulty performing everyday activities and at times, you might be feeling like you’re not worth living.
Beyond a case of downs. Depression doesn’t constitute simply a vulnerability and it’s not possible to “snap off” out. Depression may require long-term treatment. But don’t get discouraged. Many people who suffer from depression feel better after taking therapy, medication or both.
Depression is one of the most common health problems worldwide. In ancient times, depression was called melancholia and was not a well-known health problem. Over the past few decades the incidence of depression has increased and so has awareness of the illness. Over the past few years, it has become known that depression affects not only adults but also children. The increasing incidence of depression makes it even more important to diagnose and treat it early.
In medical terms, depression is described as a mental disorder. Symptoms of depression include negative thoughts, social withdrawal, and persistent sadness. There are many types of depression, including postpartum depression (after giving birth), dysthymia (minor depression), seasonal affective disorder, and bipolar disorder. Clinically there are four stages of depression. As the disorder progresses, it can interfere with a person’s ability to function effectively. In such cases, there are several methods of involvement that can help. Seeking professional help from a psychiatrist or psychologist is an effective way to combat depression. There are also various self-help tips that work effectively as coping strategies. Because there is considerable social stigma surrounding mental health problems, People suffering from depression may find it difficult to admit the problem and seek professional help. Raising depression awareness encourages people to come forward without hesitation rather than trying to deal with it alone.
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While depression can occur once in your life it is common for people to experience several episodes. In these episodes they experience symptoms throughout the time, almost all the time, and could include:
- Feelings of sadness, tears feelings of emptiness, despair or sadness
- Outbursts of anger, irritation or frustration, even on minor issues
- A lack of interest or enjoyment in the majority or all things, like the arts, sports, or sexual sex
- Insomnia, sleep disturbances or excessive sleep
- Insomnia and fatigue So even the simplest tasks require extra effort
- A decrease in appetite and weight loss or increased food cravings and weight gain
- Anxiety, agitation, or restlessness
- Slower thinking, speaking or movement of the body
- The feeling of guilt or worthlessness and guilt over past failures or self-blame
- Problems with thinking, concentration taking decisions, and recollecting things
- Consistent or repeated thoughts of suicide suicidal ideas and suicide attempts.
- Physical ailments that are not explained for example, headaches or back pain
For many individuals suffering from depression, the symptoms tend to be sufficient to create noticeable difficulties in daily activities like school, work social activities, or even relationships with other people. People may be unsatisfied or depressed without having a reason.
Depression symptoms in teens and children
Common symptoms and signs of depression in teenagers and children are the same as those seen in adults, however there may be some distinctions.
- In children younger than 10, signs of depression could be irritability, sadness anxiety, clinginess, aches and pains, refusing go to school or being overweight.
- For teens, signs could be irritability, sadness feeling worthless and unimportant angry, poor attendance or performance to school. They may also feel unloved and extremely sensitive, taking alcohol or other recreational drugs drinking or sleeping too much, self-harming or self-harm, a lack of interest in regular activities, and avoiding social interactions.
Depression symptoms among older adults
Depression is not a common process of getting older and shouldn’t be dismissed lightly. It is a shame that depression tends to go untreated and undiagnosed for older adults, and people may be uneasy about seeking help. Depression symptoms can appear different or less evident in older people like:
- Memory problems or personality changes
- Pain or aches in the body
- Loss of appetite, fatigue sleep disorders or lack of interest in sexual activities are not caused by a medical disease or medication
- Sometimes, we want to stay at home and not go out for a night of socializing or trying things that are new
- Suicidal thoughts and thoughts, particularly among older men.